June 21, 2023
Bridging the trust gap: new Thomson Reuters research reveals legal, tax and accounting professionals are cautiously optimistic about generative AI
TORONTO, June 21, 2023 – Thomson Reuters (TSX/NYSE: TRI), a global content and technology company, today released new research on generative AI that gauged the sentiment of professionals across legal, tax, and accounting firms in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. The research sought to better understand how the technology is perceived and applied within the professional services industry. The report uncovered a mix of optimism and caution in the adoption of generative AI.
"Generative AI has the capacity to disrupt and redefine the professional landscape, but it is clear from our findings that there is a trust gap with professionals," said Steve Hasker, President and CEO, Thomson Reuters. "The future of professional work is set to be revolutionized by generative AI, and as an industry, we need to work together to find the right balance between the benefits of technology and any unintended consequences. We believe this will help our customers to first trust the transformative power of generative AI, and then harness the opportunity to shape the future of their professions."
Amongst the professionals surveyed, the potential of generative AI is undeniably recognized; 78% of respondents believe generative AI tools such as ChatGPT can enhance legal or accounting work, with the proportion slightly higher for legal (82%) than for tax (73%). Furthermore, about half (52%) of all respondents believe that generative AI should be used for legal and tax work.
However, despite the research sharing strong feelings about generative AI’s potential utility, many within the legal and tax fields are still weighing their options before adopting the technology. Only 4% of respondents are currently using generative AI in their operations, with an additional 5% planning to do so. Interestingly, tax and accounting firms are more open to the idea, with a 15% adoption or planned adoption rate.
Among those who have adopted or are planning to adopt generative AI technologies, research was the primary use case cited by respondents; about two-thirds of those in corporate legal and 80% of those in tax identified it as the most compelling use. Knowledge management, back-office functions, and question answering services were also cited as use cases of interest.
Risk perception seems to be the major stumbling block in the adoption of generative AI tools. A significant 69% of respondents expressed risk concerns, suggesting that fear may be holding back a more widespread adoption. While the potential of generative AI tools is recognized, there is an air of uncertainty, underlining the need for establishing trust, as well as furthering education and strategic planning in its implementation.
Despite concerns around the risks to privacy, security, and accuracy, very few organizations are actively taking steps to limit the use of generative AI among employees. Twenty percent of respondents said their firm or company has warned employees against the unauthorized use of generative AI at work. Only 9% of all respondents, meanwhile, reported their organization had banned the unauthorized use of generative AI.
The Thomson Reuters Institute conducted three separate online surveys for legal and tax professionals located in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. The respondents were invited to take the survey via an online invitation, or as part of the Thomson Reuters Influencer Coalition panel.
- First survey: Aimed at mid-size and large law firms, ran between March 21-31, 2023, and received 443 applicable respondents.
- Second survey: Aimed at corporate legal departments, ran between April 11-25, 2023, and received 587 applicable respondents.
- Third survey: Aimed at tax and accounting firms and corporate tax departments, ran between May 3-15, 2023, and received 771 total applicable respondents.
In total, the sample for the report is 1,801 respondents, of which 25% are from law firms, 33% are from corporate legal departments, 24% from tax and accounting firms, and 18% from corporate tax departments. The majority of the respondents, 70% in total, were from the U.S., with 20% from the U.K. and 10% from Canada.
Most respondents from law firms and tax firms were from mid-sized firms, representing 62% of law firm respondents and 55% of tax firm respondents. For corporate legal and tax, most respondents were from small or midsize departments: 88% of corporate legal respondents and 87% of corporate tax respondents were from departments of 50 people or less.
Those respondents completing the survey were also asked selected open-ended questions concerning their opinions around why generative AI should not be used for legal or tax work, as well as the potential risks of generative AI, and if they believed those risks existed. The Thomson Reuters Institute also conducted additional qualitative interviews to further flesh out generative AI beliefs in addition to the survey responses.
About Thomson Reuters
Thomson Reuters (NYSE / TSX: TRI) (“TR”) informs the way forward by bringing together the trusted content and technology that people and organizations need to make the right decisions. The company serves professionals across legal, tax, accounting, compliance, government, and media. Its products combine highly specialized software and insights to empower professionals with the data, intelligence, and solutions needed to make informed decisions, and to help institutions in their pursuit of justice, truth and transparency. Reuters, part of Thomson Reuters, is the world’s leading provider of trusted journalism and news. For more information, visit tr.com.