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Environmental

Scaling green chemistry is a requirement to reverse biodiversity losses

Natalie Runyon  Director / ESG content & Advisory Services / Thomson Reuters Institute

· 5 minute read

Natalie Runyon  Director / ESG content & Advisory Services / Thomson Reuters Institute

· 5 minute read

As the loss of biodiversity becomes an ever-increasing financial risk for many organizations, green chemistry may offer one way to mitigate the damage of future ecological disasters

The Task Force on Nature-related Financial Disclosure (TNFD), which is a market-led initiative designed to helps financial institutions and companies better understand the short- and long-term impacts of nature loss on their financial performance, is expected to release its risk management and disclosure framework next month.

Losses in biodiversity, which is the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem, is fast emerging as a mainstream issue. Indeed, biodiversity loss as a source of financial risk has already been acknowledged by central banks through the publication of biodiversity impact and assessment studies. These studies found that between 35% and 54% of assets held by financial institutions are highly or very highly dependent on ecosystem services, according to the Sustainable Policy Institute.

Unfortunately, the chemical industry is a driver of accelerated losses within nature. The impact of nature-related losses, however, is often ignored or viewed only through a narrow lens with an inconsistency relative to that of climate change. In reality, however, climate change, losses in biodiversity, and chemicals are mutually reinforcing negative multipliers when it comes to accelerated permanent damage to biodiversity.

For example, institutions and people tend to be concerned about environmental effects, which can include biodiversity loss, but often other threats to the health and well-being of humans are perceived to be less urgent. What is mind-boggling is that when it comes to anthropogenic chemicals — synthetic organic chemicals; pesticides; plastics, such as organic polymers and additives; and many metals and metalloids — people often begin to worry about their own health without consideration for the impacts on other species. Selectively focusing on one negative reality more so than others reinforces complacency and a lack of urgent action to reverse the problem.

The environmental science and technology community has “long emphasized the logical link between chemical pollutants and biodiversity, the adverse effects caused by toxic anthropogenic chemicals on the organisms in the environment, and the additional exacerbation of these negative impacts by climate change.”

Adoption of green chemistry needed at scale

Green chemistry aims to design and produce cost-competitive chemical products and processes that attain the highest level of pollution-prevention by reducing that pollution at its source, which then are less hazardous to human health and the environment, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. In addition, it is an approach “that efficiently uses renewable raw materials, eliminating waste and avoiding the use of toxic and hazardous reagents and solvents in the manufacture and application of chemical products,” according to a Green Chemistry class description from Penn State University.

Companies and higher education institutions are joining forces to scale up green chemistry. One example of collaboration among colleges and universities is the Green Chemistry Commitment, which is a consortium program that unites the green chemistry community around shared goals and a common vision to expand the reach of green chemists and drive systemic and lasting change in chemistry education.

Another example is the Industry Focus Process Chemicals (IFPC) Policy of the Responsible Business Alliance (RBA), which is “world’s largest business coalition to corporate social responsibility in global supply chains.”

As RBA members, companies within the chemical industry and in other sectors that use harmful elements, are beginning to take action through the adoption of green chemistry programs. The RBA has outlined a policy and program to source process chemicals — agents that are used to enhance industrial processes using solvents, lubricants, coatings, and adhesives, among others — more responsibly in order to minimize harm to nature.

For example, Intel’s responsible chemical management program entails a screening mechanism to identify suppliers that use chemicals or supply chemicals, gas, or other regulated materials. The process identifies suppliers of chemicals and gasses for the company’s production processes and requires those suppliers to complete alternative assessments for high-risk ingredients based on the company’s green chemistry criteria. Doing so is required before the supplier is admitted to being an approved supplier in Intel’s high-volume manufacturing process. Further, these suppliers must provide alternative assessments for the high-risk chemicals in its own operations that the suppliers use to produce products for Intel to ensure a clean electronics production network.

Intel’s green chemistry program is part of a larger effort to accelerate sustainable computing, which includes eco-friendly manufacturing within the semiconductor industry, energy conscious products and services, and circularity — a term used to describe creation, use, and re-use of inputs and products.

While the adoption of green chemistry in business to reverse biodiversity loss and the TNFD’s work to assess risk from a financial standpoint are two indicators that understanding the impact of nature-related damage is becoming more mainstream, which will hopefully battle back the headwinds that remain obstacles to progress.

Indeed, perhaps the biggest obstacle is the politization of environmental, social & governance (ESG) issues themselves, and the fact that anti-ESG momentum is entering boardrooms. Indeed, the anti-ESG shareholder proposals in the first five months of 2023 have quintupled since 2019, with numerous anti-ESG proposals aimed to discourage companies from implementing climate or social initiatives being proposed. Luckily, only 8.3% of these anti-ESG shareholder proposals received majority support, thus far, in 2023.

Yet, the anti-ESG momentum is likely to remain a polarizing issue at least over the next 18 month with the lead-up to the U.S. Presidential election; however, over the long term, ESG — including green chemistry and conveying biodiversity risks in financial terms — has staying power. The force of ESG cannot be contained.